Medical Biophysics (3.LF)

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Last update: Tuesday, 22 Sep 2015 at 12.27 pm.


Medical Biophysics refers to the domain of study that uses physics to describe or affect biological processes for the purpose of medical application.

Medical Biophysics relies heavily on broad interdisciplinary knowledge between the so-called traditional fields such as physics (i.e. medical physics, radiation physics or imaging physics) and advanced biology fields such as biochemistry, biophysics, physiology, neuroscience, etc.

Medical Biophysics research has brought heavy impact on some important areas originally related to medical physics and diagnostic imaging or medical imaging.

Contents[✎ edit | edit source]

  1. MOLECULES & SOLUTIONS
    1. COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES
      1. Raoult's Law
      2. Boiling Point Elevation
      3. Freezing Point Depression
      4. Osmosis
    2. COHESION & SURFACE TENSION
  2. MEMBRANES & POTENTIALS
    1. TRANSPORT ACROSS BIOLOGICAL MEMBRANES
      1. Passive diffusion
      2. Active transport and co-transport
    2. MEMBRANE POTENTIAL
    3. ACTION POTENTIAL
  3. BIOSIGNALS
    1. EEG
    2. ECG
    3. OTHER BIOSIGNALS
  4. SENSORY BIOPHYSICS
    1. SOUND AND HEARING
      1. Speed of propagation (speed of sound)
      2. Acoustic impedance
      3. Sound intensity and acoustic pressure
      4. Human auditory system
      5. Pathology
      6. Hearing tests and audiometry
    2. LIGHT, EYE AND VISION
      1. Frequency, wavelength, energy and colour
      2. Photometry and brightness
      3. Ultraviolet and infrared light
      4. Eye
      5. Vision defects
      6. Astigmatism
      7. Cataract
      8. Glaucoma
      9. Colour-blindness
  5. RADIATION
    1. ELECTRO-MAGNETIC RADIATION
      1. Magnetic Spectrum
      2. Generation of electromagnetic radiation
      3. Light
      4. Laser
    2. IONIZING RADIATION AND RADIOACTIVITY
      1. The Fundamental Law of Radioactive Decay
      2. Quantities and Units
      3. Types of radioactive decay
      4. The interactions between ionizing radiations and atomic electron cloud
      5. Interaction of the ionizing radiation with the atomic nuclei
      6. The sources of ionising radiation
      7. Ionizing radiation protection
      8. Biological effects of ionizing radiation
  6. IMAGING METHODS
    1. MICROSCOPY
      1. Optical microscopy
      2. Electron microscopy
    2. ULTRASONOGRAPHY (SONO)
    3. X-RAY
    4. COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT)
    5. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (SPECT)
    6. POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY (PET)
    7. MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI)
  7. THERAPEUTIC METHODS
    1. RADIOTHERAPY
      1. Biophysical Basis of Radiotherapy
      2. Fundamental Principles of Radiotherapy
      3. Methodology of Radiotherapy
    2. ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    3. ELECTRO THERAPY
      1. Classification of Electrotherapeutic currents
      2. Effects of Electrotherapy
      3. Contraindications for Electrotherapy
      4. Electro-Diagnostics
    4. MAGNETO THERAPY
      1. Physical background of magneto therapy
      2. Therapeutic effects of magneto therapy
    5. LASER THERAPY
  8. ELECTRICITY AND HUMAN BODY
    1. ELECTRIC CURRENT, VOLTAGE AND POTENTIAL
    2. ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF HUMAN BODY
      1. Electrolytes
      2. Body Resistance and Heat Effects of Electric Current
    3. ELECTRIC SHOCK
    4. BURNS AND OTHER INJURIES
      1. Burns
      2. Internal Injuries
      3. Involuntary Muscle Contraction
    5. FIRST AID
  9. PHYSICAL QUANTITIES, UNITS, PREFIXES AND CONSTANTS
    1. PHYSICAL QUANTITIES & UNITS
      1. Definition of quantities and units in RADIOLOGY
    2. PHYSICAL PREFIXES
    3. PHYSICAL CONSTANTS
  10. REFERENCES
  11. INDEX