WikiLectures:Books/Hygiene and Epidemiology (LF1, GM)

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State Exam Topics in Hygiene and Epidemiology[edit source]

1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague[edit source]

Health Issues of Traffic Emissions
Environment and Health
Effects on the Population’s Health Status
Health Effects of Air Pollution on Man
Environment Pollution and Human Exposure
Biological Monitoring
Primary and Secondary Emissions
Imissions
Emergency Situations
Exposure of Man to Dust and Aerosols; Health Hazards, Prevention
Hygienic Issues of Solid Wastes
Carcinogenicity of chemical substances and of physical factors in the environment
IARC Classification
Genotoxic Substances, their Effect on Health
Maximum Admissible Concentrations of Harmful Substances
Combined and Complex Exposition to Harmful Substances in the Environment
Issues of Day Lighting
Combined Illumination
Visual Stress
Issues of Artificial Illumination, Typical Sources
Visual Stress
Joint Lighting, Glare
Types of Noise, Adverse Effects on Humans
Units Describing Human Noise Load in Living and Working Environment
Adverse Noise Effects, Prevention and Protection
Microclimate (temperature, humidity, air velocity) and its effect on health
UV Radiation Types, Ozone Layer Depletion, Prognosis of its Evolution
Biological Effects of UV Radiation, Protection
Biological Effects of Non-ionizing Radiation (thermal, non-thermal). Typical Sources, Health Protection
Laser Issues. Types, Use, Health Hazards, Health Protection
Ionising Radiation (basic terms, stochastic and non stochastic effects)
Adverse Effects of Vibrations on Humans, Prevention
Hygienic Requirements on Working Environment, Categorization of Working Operations, main Parameters and Criteria
Risk Analysis at Work, Health Risk Assessment and Management
Physiological Evaluation Methods of Work and Thermal Organism Loads
Types of Work
Work of Special Groups (pregnant women, adolescents, elderly people, and disabled persons)
Exposure Assessment at Work
Exposure Limits
Workplace Visits
Consultation Activities of a Physician for Enterprise
Health Promotion
Medical Fitness-for-work Assessment
Preventive Medical Examinations
Work Load and Musculoskeletal Disorders
Toxic Metals in Living and Occupational Environments
Organic Solvents in Working Environment
Chemical Safety Report
Professional Hazard in Health Services
Health Issues in Agriculture
Chemical Compounds in Buildings (sources, health risks, prevention)
Biological Risks in Buildings (types, adverse health effects, prevention)
Radon
Health Risks in Indoor Environment
Sick Building Syndrome
Misuse of Addictive Substances (especially alcohol, medical and illegal drugs)
Epidemiology of Tobacco Dependence - prevalence, morbidity, mortality in the Czech Republic and globally
Different Forms of Tobacco Use, Health Consequences, Tobacco Use Epidemic
Tobacco Dependence Prevention
The Role of Health Professionals in Tobacco Dependence Treatment, Treatment Possibilities
Life Style and Cardiovascular Diseases, Risk Factors
Stress, Importance for Health
Mental Hygiene
Current Dietary Guidelines for Healthy Population
Assessment of Nutritional Status of Population Groups and Individuals
Role of Various Food Groups in Human Nutrition
Role of Lipids and Carbohydrates in Human Nutrition (sources, excess, deficiency)
Role of Protein in Human Nutrition (sources, excess, deficiency)
Role of Minerals in Human Nutrition (Ca, P, Mg, Na, K): sources, excess, deficiency
Role of Trace Elements in Human Nutrition (Fe, J, Cu, Cr, F, Se, Zn): sources, excess, deficiency
Fat Soluble Vitamins (sources, role, excess, deficiency)
Water Soluble Vitamins (sources, role, excess, deficiency)
Role of Micro-organisms in Foods
Food Contaminants (xenobiotics)
Child Feeding
Importance of Breast-feeding
Alternative Diets
Diseases Caused by Excess or Deficiency of Nutrients (especially obesity)
Food Safety Requirements at Catering Establishments Including Health Facilities
Soil Health Risks
Health Issues of Children Sand Pits
Natural Swimming Places and Swimming Pools
Drinking Water - quality requirements
Bottled Water
Individual Sources of Drinking Water
Water Treatment in Emergencies or Field Conditions
Mass water Supply
Drinking Water Issues in the Czech Republic
Water Related Health Hazards
Allergens in the Environment. Health risks, prevention possibilities
Epidemiology of Accidents; Prevention Possibilities
Basic Health Indicators (morbidity, incidence, prevalence, mortality, fatality rate)
Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention
Descriptive Studies
Analytical Studies
Experimental Studies
Population Sample
Statistical Induction Principle
Measures of Central Tendency and Variability
Normal (Gaussian) Distribution
Fourfold and Contingency Tables
Association, Correlation and Regression Measuring
General Procedure of Hypotheses Testing, Level of Significance
Attributable and Relative Risks
Odds Ratio
Requirements at Examination Methods
Sensitivity
Specificity
False Positivity
False Negativity
Primary Prevention of Common Chronic Diseases
Malignant Tumours
Role of Cancer Registries
Risk Factors of Cancer
Process of Infection Propagation
Source of Infection
Process of Infection Propagation
Susceptible Organism in the Process of Infection Transmission
Alimentary Infections
Airborne Infections
Vector-born Infections
Infections of Skin and Superficial Mucosa
Blood Transmitted Infections
Anthropozoonoses
HIV/AIDS Epidemiology
Nosocomial Infections – Prevention, Repression
Risk Factors of Nosocomial Infections
Preventive Anti-epidemic Measures
Anti-epidemic Measures
Surveillance
Sterilization - importance, methods
Disinfection - importance, methods
Active and Passive Immunization, Vaccine Types
Immunization in Your Country
Immunization in the World - Current Problems
Immunization in Travelling Medicine
Evidence Based Medicine, Role of Epidemiology – Evidence Hierarchy
Risk Factor
Confounding Factor