This is the probability of a positive test result from patients with disease a/a+c. Sensitivity of a test gives values from 0 to 1 (0-100%) and tells us how the test captures the presence of the reference condition in the body.
For example, if he had a mammography screening test for breast cancer with 100% sensitivity, it would mean that all women who had breast cancer, the tumour was actually detected. We have a group of 4 women - Lucy, Jane, Cathie and Lenka. Lucy has breast cancer. All women undergo the screening mammography. It detects Lucy and Jane as positive. Lucy is really positive. Jane is a false positive. Cathie and Lenka are actually negative. Nobody is falsely negative. When you enter the values into the formula above, we find that the test showed 100% sensitivity.
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Bibliography[✎ edit | edit source]
- BENCKO, Vladimír. Epidemiologie, výukové texty pro studenty. 2nd edition. Karolinum, 2002. ISBN 80-246-0383-7..
- BENCKO, Vladimír. Biomedicínská statistika. 1st edition. Karolinum, 2003. ISBN 80-246-0763-8.
- KUPKA, Karel. Nukleární medicína. 1st edition. Karolinum, 2007. ISBN 978-80-903584-9-2.