Laser Issues

From WikiLectures

About LASER[✎ edit | edit source]

Injury & Absorption[✎ edit | edit source]

Retina injury occurs only with 380–1400 nm wavelengths (where absorption occurs). The highest absorption occurs between the 400-800nm range. According to the power density flux (S), there is a maximum permissible exposure time (seconds) with the beam. A graph depicts this relationship. Exposure longer than this time is considered to cause damage.

Laser flux.png where S – power flux density (W/m2), P – Power (W), r – radius of the eye aperture (m)

For example, permissible exposure time for a power flux density of 25 W/m2 is 0.25s.

Some laser pointers in the market have power flux density up to 5000 W/m2. That would give a maximum permissible exposure time of less than 10-6 seconds.

Green laser is most dangerous, as its not absorbed by the eye, so it causes retinal damage. Blindness! Cause you don’t have time to close your eyes in time, and the laser acts very fast. Kids using green lasers can potentially blind pilots in airplanes. Laser could cause thermal damage for example on the skin. The hazard can be reduced by:

  1. lowering the aperture, or
  2. changing the beam direction

Links[✎ edit | edit source]

Related articles[✎ edit | edit source]

External links[✎ edit | edit source]

Sources[✎ edit | edit source]

  • Lecture: Physical factors of environment (J. Rameš) 2011

References[✎ edit | edit source]

Bibliography[✎ edit | edit source]

  • BENCKO CHARLES UNIVERSITY, PRAGUE 2004, 270 P, V, et al. Hygiene and epidemiology. Selected Chapters. 2nd edition. Prague. 2008. ISBN 9788024607931.

Further reading[✎ edit | edit source]