Division of vaccination in the Czech Republic

From WikiLectures

In the Czech Republic, vaccination is prescribed by regulations of the Ministry of Health (MZČR) and managed (organized, planned, controlled) by epidemiologists of the relevant health institute. It is performed by General practicioners, especially pediatricians.

Vaccination is divided into
  1. regular,
    in persons who have reached the specified age (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, rubella, mumps, measles, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenzae B – HIb)
    You can find more information on the page Regular vaccinations in Czech republic
  2. special,
    in people who are at higher risk of getting an infection (TBC, hepatitis B, rabies, tick-borne encephalitis; for example, vaccination of medical students against hepatitis B);
  3. extraordinary,
    certain groups of people who find themselves in a situation where there is an increased risk of a certain infection – for example vaccination against VHA during floods in the affected area, booster dose against mumps, rubella and measles in 10-11 year old children (decrease in antibodies), the risk is assessed by the Ministry of Health or regional epidemiologist;
  4. before departure abroad and for people arriving from abroad,
    according to international regulations or on the basis of country requirements; currently applicable to yellow fever – vaccination before arrival from endemic countries or after arrival from endemic areas to countries where yellow fever does not occur but a potential vector, Aedes aegypti, does; (recommended are Japanese encephalitis, plague, typhoid fever, cholera in people with occupational exposure in infected areas);
  5. in case of injuries and non-healing wounds,
    tetanus, rabies (depending on the circumstances, with possible passive immunization from a vital indication);
  6. in an infection outbreak,
    susceptible individuals in the outbreak of infection (measles, meningococcus, meningitis);
  7. at the request of persons,
    tick-borne encephalitis, influenza, meningococcus, hepatitis A, papillomavirus, pneumococcal infections, gastroenteritis with diarrhea caused by rotaviruses.

Vaccination calendar, valid from 1.11.2010[edit | edit source]

Age Mandatory vaccinations (from 1.11.2010)[1] Optional vaccinations[2]
4 days – 6 weeks tuberculosis (only in indicated cases)
6 weeks rotavirus (1st dose)
2 months hexavaccine (1st dose from week 9) pneumococcus (1st dose)

rotavirus (2nd dose – 1 month apart)

3 months hexavaccine (2nd dose – 1 month apart) pneumococcus (2nd dose - 1 month apart)

rotavirus (3rd dose – 1 month apart)

4 months hexavaccine (3rd dose – 1 month apart) pneumococcus (3rd dose – 1 month apart)
10 months hexavaccine (4th dose – 6 months apart)
11–15 months pneumococcus (revaccination)
15 months MMR (1st dose) chickenpox (1st dose)
21–25 months MMR (2nd dose – 6-10 months apart) chickenpox (2nd dose)
5 years 1st revaccination: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis
10 years 2nd revaccination: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio
13 years girls (and boys): papillomavirus (3 doses)
20–25 years tetanus (7th dose)

Links[edit | edit source]

Related articles[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. DECREE(n. 299/2010) from 25 October 2010 on vaccination against infectious diseases.
  2. Česká vakcinologická společnost ČLS JEP. Očkování v ČR [online]. ©2013. [cit. 2014-02-07]. <http://www.vakcinace.eu/ockovani-v-cr_odb>.

References[edit | edit source]

  • GEIZEROVÁ, Helena, et al. Epidemiologie – vybrané kapitoly pro seminární a praktická cvičení. 1. edition. Praha : Karolinum, 1995. 83 pp. pp. 68-69. ISBN 80-7184-179-X.