Division of vaccination in the Czech Republic
In the Czech Republic, vaccination is prescribed by regulations of the Ministry of Health (MZČR) and managed (organized, planned, controlled) by epidemiologists of the relevant health institute. It is performed by General practicioners, especially pediatricians.
- Vaccination is divided into
- certain groups of people who find themselves in a situation where there is an increased risk of a certain infection – for example vaccination against VHA during floods in the affected area, booster dose against mumps, rubella and measles in 10-11 year old children (decrease in antibodies), the risk is assessed by the Ministry of Health or regional epidemiologist;
- before departure abroad and for people arriving from abroad,
- according to international regulations or on the basis of country requirements; currently applicable to yellow fever – vaccination before arrival from endemic countries or after arrival from endemic areas to countries where yellow fever does not occur but a potential vector, Aedes aegypti, does; (recommended are Japanese encephalitis, plague, typhoid fever, cholera in people with occupational exposure in infected areas);
- in case of injuries and non-healing wounds,
- tetanus, rabies (depending on the circumstances, with possible passive immunization from a vital indication);
- in an infection outbreak,
- susceptible individuals in the outbreak of infection (measles, meningococcus, meningitis);
- at the request of persons,
- tick-borne encephalitis, influenza, meningococcus, hepatitis A, papillomavirus, pneumococcal infections, gastroenteritis with diarrhea caused by rotaviruses.
Vaccination calendar, valid from 1.11.2010[edit | edit source]
|Age||Mandatory vaccinations (from 1.11.2010)||Optional vaccinations|
|4 days – 6 weeks||tuberculosis (only in indicated cases)|
|6 weeks||rotavirus (1st dose)|
|2 months||hexavaccine (1st dose from week 9)||pneumococcus (1st dose)
rotavirus (2nd dose – 1 month apart)
|3 months||hexavaccine (2nd dose – 1 month apart)||pneumococcus (2nd dose - 1 month apart)
rotavirus (3rd dose – 1 month apart)
|4 months||hexavaccine (3rd dose – 1 month apart)||pneumococcus (3rd dose – 1 month apart)|
|10 months||hexavaccine (4th dose – 6 months apart)|
|11–15 months||pneumococcus (revaccination)|
|15 months||MMR (1st dose)||chickenpox (1st dose)|
|21–25 months||MMR (2nd dose – 6-10 months apart)||chickenpox (2nd dose)|
|5 years||1st revaccination: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis|
|10 years||2nd revaccination: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio|
|13 years||girls (and boys): papillomavirus (3 doses)|
|20–25 years||tetanus (7th dose)|
Links[edit | edit source]
Related articles[edit | edit source]
- Active immunization • Passive immunization • Simultaneous combined immunization
- Regular vaccinations in the Czech Republic
[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- DECREE(n. 299/2010) from 25 October 2010 on vaccination against infectious diseases.
- Česká vakcinologická společnost ČLS JEP. Očkování v ČR [online]. ©2013. [cit. 2014-02-07]. <http://www.vakcinace.eu/ockovani-v-cr_odb>.
References[edit | edit source]
- GEIZEROVÁ, Helena, et al. Epidemiologie – vybrané kapitoly pro seminární a praktická cvičení. 1. edition. Praha : Karolinum, 1995. 83 pp. pp. 68-69. ISBN 80-7184-179-X.