Carbohydrates in the diet

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Carbohydrates should pay 58-60% of the energy intake. These are sugars:

Fiberis a plant material resistant to the digestive enzymes of the GIT. It alleviates the rise in glycemia after a meal, has a positive effect on the action of insulin , has a satiating effect, lowers cholesterol ..

The recommended daily intake[edit | edit source]

The recommended daily carbohydrate intake is approximately 4-6 g / kg / day.

Function[edit | edit source]

Carbohydrates are a source of muscle energy. They are an important building block and an equally important taste factor. Fiber function - see above

Excess[edit | edit source]

Excessive intake of simple sugars is related to:

  1. Unnecessarily increased energy intake and subsequently obesity .
  2. With glucose intolerance.
  3. Hyperlipidemia.
  4. Increased risk of tooth decay.

One-sided excessive supply of crude fiber reduces the absorption of important elements ( Fe, Cu, Zn, Ca ) and other protective substances.

Deficiency[edit | edit source]

Lack of fiber increases the risk of:

The optimum ratio of the major nutrients in the total energy value[edit | edit source]

  • Protein: 12-14%.
  • Carbohydrates: 58-60%.
  • Fats: 28-30%.

Links[edit | edit source]

Related articles[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  • BENCKO, Vladimír. Hygiena – učební texty k seminářům a praktickým cvičením. 2. edition. Univerzita Karlova, 2002. 204 pp. ISBN 80-7184-551-5.