Streptococcal infections

From WikiLectures

Lacunar tonsillitis
Scarlet fever rash
Facial erysipelas

Streptococcal infections include a number of mild and severe illnesses. These include scarlet fever tonsillitis (streptococcal tonsillitis), pharyngitis (streptococcal pharyngitis), sinusitis, scarlet fever, erysipel, skin infections (impetigo, celulitis, necrotizing fasciitis), wound infections, otitis, pneumonia, meningitis, osteomyelitis, infectious endocarditis, urinary tract infections and others. Post-infectious complications include rheumatic fever and acute glomerulonephritis.

Classification of the Streptococcus species[edit | edit source]

The Streptococcus species comprises three groups of streptococci:

Beta-hemolytic streptococci are further divided according to cell wall antigens into groups named by letters.


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