Complications of tonsillitis

From WikiLectures

Complications of tonsillitis occur due to:

  • local, lymphogenic or hematogenous spread of infection;
  • release of bacterial toxins;
  • immunopathological reaction of the organism.

Complications of tonsillitis can be divided into 2 groups:

  1. local complications,
  2. general complications
Peritonsilar abscess

Local complications[edit | edit source]

  • intratonsillar abscess,
  • peritonsillar abscess or phlegmon (the most common complication of tonsillitis),
  • parapharyngeal abscess or phlegmon,
  • retropharyngeal abscess,
  • abscess or phlegmon of the hypopharynx,
  • oral phlegmon,
  • lymphadenitis with an abscess of the neck.

General complications[edit | edit source]

  • tonsillogenic sepsis,
  • thrombosis of cavernous sinus,
  • Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS)
  • rheumatic fever.

Links[edit | edit source]

  • BENEŠ, Jiří. Studijní materiály [online]. ©2007. [cit. 2009]. <>.
  • KLOZAR, Jan, et al. Speciální otorinolaryngologie. 1. vydání. Praha : Galén, 2005. 224 s. ISBN 80-7262-346-X.