Differential diagnosis of angina pectoris

From WikiLectures

Acute tonsillitis (lat. acute tonsillitis) can be caused by a wide range of agents. It occurs most often in children and young adults.

The etiology is mainly determined by the intensity, extent, involvement of the neck, soft palate, and the presence of exudation, blisters, petechiae or enanthema. Among the bacteria, the most common causative agent is Streptococcus pyogenes. In children under three years of age, it is usually of viral origin.

Clinical picture[edit | edit source]

Locally, with tonsillitis, the tonsils become red and swollen, they may be covered with coatings - studs. A sore throat accompanied by difficulty in swallowing (odynophagia) develops quickly. The submandibular nodes are swollen and painful. In addition to the local manifestations, a general feeling of illness is added - malaise, fatigue, fever, malaise.

Cave!!!.png It is usually not possible to determine the causative agent from the clinical picture.

Diagnosis Clinical Picture (CP), and Diagnosis (DG)
Acute tonsillitis CP: redness and edema of palatine tonsils, purulent plugs, fibrin coatings, necrosis ( angina catarrhalis, follicularis, lacunaris, pseudomembranacea )
Infectious mononucleosis CP: angina pectoris with marked lymphadenopathy (generalized), Holzel's sign, Bass' sign

CP+diff: leukocytosis (initially leukopenia) monocytosis, atypical leukocytes,

DG: serology

Herpangina CP: picture of vesicular angina, vesicular efflorescence on palatal arches,

CP+diff: leukopenia

Streptococcal angina CP: picture most often of lacunar angina,

CP+diff: neutrophilia with shift to the left,

DG: culture, ASLO

Scarlet fever CP: fever, picture most often of lacunar angina, raspberry tongue, burning skin exanthema, Filatov's and Šrámek's signs,

DG: CP, FW, cultivation, ASLO

Angina in the oropharyngeal form of tularemia CP: picture of necrotizing angina, often unilateral, significant regional lymphadenopathy,

DG: CP, FW, serology

Diphtheria CP: dirty gray coating beyond the edges of the tonsils, tightly adherent, foetor,

DG: slide smear, bacteriology

Ulceromembranous tonsillitis

(Plaut–Vincent's angina)

CP: necrotizing angina with a tendency to ulceration, dirty coatings, immunologically compromised individuals, severe general condition, unilateral finding, rare occurrence
Angina in agranulocytosis

(in acute leukemia)

CP: bilateral necrotizing angina, ulceration of the pharyngeal mucosa, lymphadenopathy is not evident, while hepatosplenomegaly is usually present, tonsillitis may be the first manifestation of a general underlying disease


Syphilitic tonsillitis

(stage II syphilis)

CP: plaques mucous,

DG: serology

Clinical units[edit | edit source]

Streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis[edit | edit source]

Searchtool right.svg For more information see Angina.

Diphtheria[edit | edit source]

Searchtool right.svg For more information see Diphtheria.

Plaut-Vincent's angina[edit | edit source]

Infectious mononucleosis[edit | edit source]

Searchtool right.svg For more information see Infectious mononucleosis.
  • Considerable swelling of the tonsils, humming;
  • Holtzel's sign – small petechiae on the soft palate;
  • Bass's sign - swelling of the eyelids.

Herpangina[edit | edit source]

  • Coxsackie viruses, mostly in children,
  • Fever, headache,
  • Redness of the oropharynx with small blisters (2–10), they do not merge,
  • On arches, pain when swallowing,
  • Within 2-4 days the fever subsides and the boils heal,
  • Diff.dg. – herpetic stomatitis – ulcers in the front of the oral cavity.
Other forms
  • From the clinical picture;
  • Laboratory examination – viral – normal sedimentation, rather leukopenia, predominance of mononuclear cells;
  • IM – atypical lymphocytes.

Links[edit | edit source]

Source[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  • KLOZAR, Jan. Special otorhinolaryngology. 1. edition. Galén, 2005. pp. 224. ISBN 80-7262-346-X.
  • HAVLÍK, Jiří. Infectology. 2. edition. Avicenum, 1990. ISBN 80-201-0062-8.
  • LOBOVSKÁ, Alena. Infectious diseases. 1. edition. Karolinum, 2001. pp. 263. ISBN 80-246-0116-8.