Diarrheal diseases (signpost)

From WikiLectures

Diarrhea is characterized by frequent bowel movements. This is a symptom with considerable subjective variation. Diarrhea is a common manifestation of various digestive disorders. Diarrheal diseases cause up to 20 million deaths a year worldwide, with young children most at risk.[1]

According to etiology[edit | edit source]

  1. Rotavirus enteritis
  2. Adenovirus enteritis
  1. Campylobacter enteritis (causative agent: Campylobacter jejuni)
  2. Salmonella enteritis (causative agent: Salmonella enteritidis, S. typhimurium)
  3. Typhoid fever (causative agent: Salmonella typhi)
  4. Paratyphoid fever (causative agent: Salmonella paratyphi)
  5. Shigellosis (causative agent: Shigella dysenteriae, flexneri, boydii, sonnei)
  6. Cholera (causative agent: Vibrio cholerae)
  7. Infections caused by Escherichia coli
  1. Protozoa: Toxoplasmosis (causative agent: Toxoplasma gondii), Toxocarosis (Toxocara canis / cati), Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia), Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica), Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium parvum)
  2. Nematodes: Ascariasis (caused by: Ascaris lumbricoides), Trichuriosis (Trichuris trichiura), Trichinella spiralis, Enterobiosis (Enterobius vermicularis), Strongyloides stercoralis, Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanes, Dracunulus
  3. Cestodes: Teniosis (agents: Taenia solium, Taenia saginata), Diphyllobothrium latum, (Hymenolepis nana), Echinococcus granulosus…

References[edit | edit source]

Related articles[edit | edit source]

Citations[edit | edit source]

  1. KLENER, Pavel. Vnitřní lékařství. 3. edition. 2006. ISBN 80-7262-430-X.