Histamine is an organic compound stored in the mast cells and granules of basophils, which serves as a hormone and neurotransmiter. It is one of the primary mediators of inflammation. Histamine is released from the mast cells and granules under an influence of various inducements, such as allergens, radiation etc. Histamine is known for its role in the acute anaphylactic reaction for the presence of allergen, when it is being released after the allergen binds with IgE antibody.
This is followed by a reaction mediated mainly by stimulation of H1 receptors:
- Vasodilatation of small arterioles and capillaries
- Increased permeability of vascular wall and the following occurrence of edemas
- Bronchial constriction
H2 receptors[edit | edit source]
They are located in the heart, vessels, brain, stomach and the womb. Their function is best elucidated in the stomach, where the stimulation leads to a secretion of HCL. Compounds such as ranitidine (H2-blocators) are blocking these receptors, which leads to a decrease of a HCL secretion (peptic ulcers treatment). The effects of histamine can by specifically blocked with the use of antihistamines.
Links[edit | edit source]
Related articles[edit | edit source]
Used literature[edit | edit source]
- MARTÍNKOVÁ, Jiřina, Stanislav MIČUDA a Jolana ČERMÁKOVÁ. Vybrané kapitoly z klinické farmakologie pro bakalářské studium : Histamin, antihistaminika [online]. ©2001. [cit. 2010-07-12]