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Last update: Wednesday, 02 Nov 2022 at 11.22 pm.

Hepcidin 1M4F.png
Gland liver - hepatocyte
Structure peptide
Target organ / tissue macrophages, enterocytes
Receptor ferroportin
Effects degrades the ferroportin canal - blocks the influx of iron into plasma

Hepcidin is a hormone synthesized in hepatocytes. It is a peptide that controls Iron metabolism in the body. In the blood is transported to target tissues.In enterocytes and macrophages it blocks the export of iron from the cells . In other words, it keeps the iron in the cell. It was discovered in 2000 in human urine.

Function[edit | edit source]

Iron is absorbed in the duodenum via enterocytes and is transported to the plasma via ferroportin. In the event of hepcidin action ferroportin is degraded and thus the export of iron from the cell is blocked.

Disorders[edit | edit source]

Major regulators of iron homeostasis.jpg

Regulation[edit | edit source]

  • It is regulated by iron reservoir
  • Hepcidin decreases during anemia.
  • Hepcidin synthesis decreases with increased activity of erytropoesis.
  • Hepcidin synthesis increases during inflammations.

Links[edit | edit source]

Related Articles[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  • TROJAN, Stanislav – TROJAN, Stanislav. Lékařská fyziologie. 4. edition. Praha : Grada, 2003. 772 pp. ISBN 80-247-0512-5.
  • ROKYTA, Richard. Fyziologie a patologická fyziologie : pro klinickou praxi. 1. edition. 2015. 712 pp. ISBN 978-80-247-4867-2.

Extern links[edit | edit source]