Ureter is shaped like a slightly flattened tube of about 4–7 mm diameter. It has variable length, but average might be around 30 cm. It is about 1 cm shorter in the female.
Syntopy of ureter[✎ edit | edit source]
- Runs inferiorly from the apex of the renal pelvis at the hilum.
- Passes over the pelvic grim at the bifurcation of the common iliac artery.
- Runs along the lateral wall of pelvis and enters the urinary bladder.
- Abdominal parts adhere closely to the parietal peritoneum and are retroperitoneal throughout their course.
- Three constrictions:
- At junction between renal pelvis and ureter.
- At crossing of brim of pelvic inlet.
- During passage through wall of urinary bladder.
Vasculature of ureter[✎ edit | edit source]
- Abdominal portion: branches from renal arterties, abdominal aorta and common iliac artery.
- Pelvic portion: branches from superior vesical aa, middle rectal aa, uterine/vaginal (female), inferior vesical artery (male).
Veins: follow the arteries in the same way and drain into renal and testicular (ovarian) veins.
Links[✎ edit | edit source]
Related articles[✎ edit | edit source]
Bibliography[✎ edit | edit source]
- MOORE, Keith L – DALLEY, Arthur F. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 5. edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005. ISBN 0781736390.