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Template:Infobox - bacteria Rhodococcus is a genus of bacteria, which includes about 37 species.[1] These are Gram-positive bacteria, that can be rod-shaped or cocci-shaped. Most rhodococci occur in animals and are rarely transmitted to humans.

They are an important pathogen, especially for patients with advanced AIDS. The main representative is Rhodococcus equi, which often occurs in horses. It can be the cause of pneumonia in immunosuppressed individuals. The virulence factor is its capsule and the enzyme cholesterol oxidase, which lyses cell membranes.


Related articles


  1. JULÁK, Jaroslav. Úvod do lékařské bakteriologie. 2. edition. 2015. ISBN 978-80-246-3210-0.

Used literature

  • JULÁK, Jaroslav. Úvod do lékařské bakteriologie. 1. edition. Karolinum, 2006. ISBN 80-246-1270-4.
  • VOKURKA, Martin – HUGO, Jan. Velký lékařský slovník. 10. edition. Maxdorf, 2015. ISBN 9788073454562.
  • VOTAVA, Miroslav, et al. Lékařská mikrobiologie speciální. 1. edition. Brno : Neptun, 2003. vol. 495. ISBN 80-902896-6-5.

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