Portal:Questions for final examination in Internal Medicine (1. LF UK, GM)

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Endocrinology and Metabolism

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  1. Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  2. Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  3. Acute complications of diabetes mellitus
  4. Chronic complications of diabetes mellitus
  5. Treatment of diabetes mellitus
  6. Metabolic osteopathies. Paget disease
  7. Disorders of calcium and phosphate homeostasis
  8. Malnutrition
  9. Enteral and parenteral nutrition
  10. Dyslipidemia - etiology, classification and evaluation
  11. Treatment of dyslipidemia
  12. Obesity - etiology, classification and evaluation
  13. Treatment of obesity
  14. Metabolic syndrome
  15. Disorders of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland; diabetes insipidus
  16. Diseases of the anterior pituitary
  17. Diseases of the thyroid gland
  18. Hyperthyreoidism
  19. Hypothyreoidism
  20. Goiter; thyroiditis; tumors of the thyroid gland
  21. Diseases of the parathyroid glands
  22. Diseases of the adrenal cortex
  23. Cushing’s syndrome
  24. Adrenocortical insufficiency
  25. Endocrine hypertension
  26. Gonadal diseases (hypogonadism, gonadal dysgenesis, disorders of sexual determination and differentiation
  27. Multiple endocrine neoplasia; polyglandular autoimmune syndrome

Gastroenterology

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  1. Diseases of Esophagus (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, Hernias, Achalasia, Motility disorders)
  2. Acute and Chronic Gastritis
  3. Ulcer Disease of Stomack and Duodenum
  4. Benign and Malignant Tumors of Stomach and Duodenum
  5. Bleeding from Alimentary Tract
  6. Nausea, Vomiting, Singultus
  7. Malabsorption Syndroms
  8. Diverticular Disease of Colon
  9. Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  10. Polyposis Syndrom
  11. Malignant Tumors of Colon and Rectum
  12. Anorectal Diseases
  13. Acute and Chronic Cholecystitis
  14. Cholelithiasis and Chronic Cholecystitis
  15. Jaundice
  16. Viral Hepatitis
  17. Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver, Porfyria, Wilson's Disease, Hemochromatosis)
  18. Cirrhosis
  19. Complications of Cirrhosis (Bleeding, Encephalopathy, Ascites….)
  20. Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis
  21. Tumor of Pancreas
  22. Obstipation
  23. Diarrhoe
  24. Tumors od GI Tract and Endocrine Tumors
  25. Upper and Lower Functional Disorders
  26. Acute Abdomen
  27. Ileus and Obstruction
  28. Abdominal Pain
  29. Typical Laboratory Testing in Gastroenterolorogy and Hepatology (Cholestasis, Inflammation…..)
  30. Imaging Procedures, Techniques and Guidelines for Effective Investigation in Gastroenterolory and Hepatiology

Cardiology

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  1. Arterial hypertension – etiology, pathophysiology, diagnostics, organ complications
  2. Secondary arterial hypertension
  3. Therapy of arterial hypertension
  4. Risk factors of atherosclerosis and their intervention
  5. Chronic ischaemic (coronary) heart disease
  6. Therapy of coronary heart disease
  7. Unstable angina and its therapy
  8. Acute myocardial infarction – symptoms, diagnostics, types
  9. Therapy of acute myocardial infarction (with ST elevation; without ST elevations)
  10. Complications of acute myocardial infarction
  11. Mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation
  12. Aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation
  13. Aortic dissection – etiology, diagnostics, therapy
  14. Disease of right heart valves, esp. tricuspidal regurgitation
  15. Acute pericarditis, tamponade, constrictive pericarditis
  16. Myocarditis and dilatation cardiomyopathy
  17. Cardiomyopathies – types and symptoms
  18. Infective endocarditis
  19. Left heart failure – symptoms, diagnostics, therapy
  20. Right heart failure – symptoms, diagnostics, therapy
  21. Acute heart failure, pulmonary eodema
  22. Bradyarrhytmias
  23. Supraventricular arrhytmias – supraventricular tachycardia, atrial flutter and fibrillation
  24. Ventricular arrhytmias
  25. Principles of arrhytmia therapy
  26. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  27. Syncopes – etiology, diagnostics, therapy
  28. Pulmonary embolism - etiology, diagnostics, therapy
  29. Pulmonary hypertension – etiology, diagnostics
  30. Deep vein thrombosis
  31. Varices, chronic vein insufficiency
  32. Acute arterial ischaemia
  33. Chronic forms of peripheral arterial disease

Nephrology

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  1. Acute renal failure- prerenal and postrenal ARF
  2. Acute renal failure – renal ARF
  3. Chronic renal failure
  4. Hemodialysis
  5. Peritoneal dialysis
  6. Polycystic kidney disease, Alport syndrome
  7. Nephrotic syndrome
  8. Systemic lupus erytemathodes, lupus nephritis
  9. Diabetic nephropathy
  10. Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
  11. Nonproliferative glomerulonephritis
  12. Proliferative glomerulonephritis
  13. Urinary tract infection
  14. Acute interstitial nephritis
  15. Chronic interstitial nephritis
  16. Urolithiasis, nephrolithiasis
  17. Renal tumors
  18. Kidney diseases in pregnancy
  19. Renovascular hypertension
  20. Hematuria
  21. Edema
  22. Kidney transplantation
  23. Hypokalemia, hyperkalemia
  24. Hyponatremia, hypernatremia
  25. Hypocalcemia, hypercalcemia

Pneumology

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  1. Acute infections of the lower airways
  2. Chronic bronchitis
  3. Bronchiectases
  4. Lung inflammation-pneumonia, lung abscess
  5. Tuberculosis
  6. Bronchial asthma
  7. Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD)
  8. Lung fibroses
  9. Granulomatous lung disorders – sarcoidosis, extrinsic allergic alveolitis, etc.
  10. Pleural diseases
  11. Diseases of the mediastinum
  12. Chronic respiratory insufficiency
  13. Lung carcinoma
  14. Pleural effusion
  15. Haemoptysis
  16. Pneumothorax
  17. Foreign body aspiration

Rheumathology

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  1. Rheumatoid arthritis
  2. Ankylosing spondylitis
  3. Reactive Arthritis and Psoriatic Arthritis
  4. Systemic lupus erythematosus
  5. Scleroderma
  6. Idiopathic inflamatory myositis
  7. Juvenile idiopatic arthritis
  8. Sjögren syndrome
  9. Gout arthritis
  10. Osteoarthritis
  11. Soft tissue rheumatism
  12. Lyme arthritis
  13. Septic arthtritis
  14. Osteoporosis
  15. Glucocorticoid induced osteoporosis
  16. Nonsteroidal antirheumatic drugs and analgetics
  17. Disease modifying drugs of RA and biological drugs
  18. Local therapy of therapy diseases
  19. Rehabilitation of rheumatic patients
  20. Orthopedic surgery of rheumatic diseases

Hematology

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  1. Sideropenic anemias. Anemias of chronic diseases
  2. Megaloblastic anemias, pernicious anemia
  3. Hemolytic anemias, congenital
  4. Hemolytic anemias, aquired
  5. Bone marrow aplasias
  6. Bleeding states of plasmatic origin, congenital, aquired.
  7. Autoimunne thrombocytopenias
  8. Bleeding states of platelet origin, thrombocytopathies, thrombocytopenias (except ITP)
  9. Syndrom of disseminated intravascular coagulation
  10. Myelodysplatic syndrom
  11. Acute leukemias
  12. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and related diseases
  13. Chronic myeloid leukemia
  14. NonHodgkin´s maligant lymphomas
  15. Hodgkin´s disease
  16. Myeloproliferative diseases (except CML)
  17. Plasmocytoma
  18. Monoclonal gammapathies and diseases associated with MG.
  19. Amyloidosis
  20. Thrombosis and thrombophilic states
  21. Principls of supportive care in hematology
  22. Febrile neutropenia, characterization and treatment