Horner syndrome

From WikiLectures

Horner's triad on the left eye

Horner's syndrome (also known as Claude-Bernard-Horner syndrome) is characterized by a triad of symptoms - miosis, ptosis of the eyelid, and apparent enophthalmos (called the Horner triad, Horner's triad). It occurs with disruption of the sympathetic nervous system, both at the central (damage to the Budge's ciliospinal center), preganglionic (oppression of the cervical sympathetic) and postganglionic (oppression in the plexus caroticus) levels.

Other symptoms reported are anhidrosis on the affected side[1] and loss of ciliospinal reflex[2].

Links[edit | edit source]

Related articles[edit | edit source]

Used literature[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. KUMAR, Vinay – ABBAS, Abul K – FAUSTO, Nelson. Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease. 7. edition. Elsevier, 2004. ISBN 978-0-7216-0187-8.
  2. KACHLÍK, David. ANS [lecture for subject Anatomy, specialization General medicine, 3rd faculty of medicine Charles University]. Prague. 5. 1. 2011. Avaliable from <http://old.lf3.cuni.cz/anatomie/Autonomninervy.zip>.