Differential diagnosis of swallowing disorders

From WikiLectures

Dysphagiaswallowing disorders – are the leading symptoms of diseases and injuries of the tongue, pharynx (oropharyngeal dysphagia), and esophagus (esophageal dysphagia).

We distinguish:

  • odynophagia,
  • mechanical dysphagia,
  • neuromuscular dysphagia.

Odynophagia[edit | edit source]

Odynophagia or painful swallowing is caused by inflammation, tumors, or foreign bodies. The pain is escalated by swallowing. When the pharynx and larynx are affected, they often irradiate into the ear (common innervation). In the esophagus, the patient describes pressure and tightness pain, often heartburn. Attempts to swallow may be associated with vomiting and aspiration. Affected people often drool, thicken, have ankylostoma.

Mechanical dysphagia[edit | edit source]

It is expressed by the binding of the bite. The causes can be neurogenic, myogenic, and obstructive. Accompanied by belching, vomiting, regurgitation, vomiting, foetor ex ore.

Neuromuscular dysphagia[edit | edit source]

Parkinson's, MS, bulbar lesions, diabetic neuropathy, myositis, muscular dystrophy, cricopharyngeal dyskinesia. In the esophagus, localized peristalsis disorders, spasms, and atony are in the foreground.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Linked articles[edit | edit source]

Resource[edit | edit source]

Literature[edit | edit source]

  • KLOZAR, Jan. Speciální otorinolaryngologie. 1. edition. Praha : Galén, 2005. pp. 224. ISBN 80-7262-346-X.