Bulbar syndrome is a disease of a bilateral lesion IX-XII. cranial nerves or their nuclei.
Signs[edit | edit source]
- soft palate drop (curtain sign)
- reduced or extinguished gag reflex,
- atrophy of the tongue,
- language fasciculation.
During progression, the masticatory and mimic muscles innervated from V. and VII, respectively, may be affected. cranial nerve. In addition, there may be respiratory and cardiac disorders in the spinal cord or spinal nerve centers.
Causes[edit | edit source]
- brainstem lesions (inflammation, tumors, stroke),
- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,
- Guillain-Barré syndrome.
Links[edit | edit source]
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References[edit | edit source]
- AMBLER, Zdeněk. Základy neurologie. 6. edition. Praha : Galén, 2006. pp. 61. ISBN 80-7262-433-4.