From WikiLectures


Craniostenosis is caused by premature adhesion of sutures. The earlier it occurs, the more severe its effects. The shape of the head depends on the order in which the sutures close - as a suture grows, the skull stops growing perpendicular to the suture.

Normal development of the skull and sutures[edit | edit source]

  • at birth, the skull has one lamina, and the diploe is formed at 4 years of age
  • large fontanelle is 4x2.5 cm at birth, closes at 1.5-2.5 years
  • the small one closes at 2-3 months
  • the growth of the sutures is prevented by the proliferation of fibroblasts along the suture line
  • CI - cephalic index - percentage ratio of head width to length - 60-70% in children, 70-90% in adults
    • lengthening of the head decreases CI

Dividing[edit | edit source]

  • primary - due to a developmental disorder of unclear etiology;
  • secondary - in microcephaly and after drainage hydrocephalus.

Diagnosis[edit | edit source]

  • clinically - palpation of fontanelles, X-ray, CT
  • at high pressure, gyral impressions are seen on the skull bones - the so-called skull of wrought silver
  • scintigraphy - open suture receives Tc, closed not

Types[edit | edit source]

  • scaphocephaly - sagittal suture fusion, the head is narrow, resembles a ship's keel
  • brachycephaly - affects the coronal suture - flat forehead, greater distance between orbits, etc.

Therapy[edit | edit source]

  • many surgical methods, indications are intracranial hypertension or cosmetic
  • early surgery can ensure normal psychomotor development

Links[edit | edit source]

Related articles[edit | edit source]

Source[edit | edit source]

Used literature[edit | edit source]

  • ZEMAN, Miroslav, et al. Speciální chirurgie. 2. edition. Praha : Galén, 2004. 575 pp. ISBN 80-7262-260-9.