Wilson's disease

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| název = Klinefelterův syndrom | obrázek = Klinefelter's syndrome.jpg | popisek = Symptomy Klinefelterova syndromu | klinický obraz = hypoplastická varlata, azoospermie, infertilita, gynekomastie, eunuchoidní habitus, porucha růstu vousů | příčina = nadpočetný chromozom X u muže, karyotyp 47,XXY (možné jsou i varianty s více chromozomy X) | diagnostika = karyotyp | SLG = | incidence ve světě = | prognóza = | MKN = Template:MKN karyotyp 47‚XXY; Template:MKN více než 2 chromozomy X; Template:MKN muž s karyotypem 46‚XX; Template:MKN Klinefelterův syndrom NS (nespecifikovaný) | MeSH ID = Template:MeSH ID | OMIM = | orphanet = Template:Orphanet | MedlinePlus = Template:MedlinePlus | Medscape = Template:Medscape }}

Wilson's disease, hepatolenticular degeneration is an autosomal recessively inherited metabolic disease with a prevalence of approximately 1:25 000–30 000 and a frequency of heterozygotes in the population of approximately 1:90. It is characterized by abnormal accumulation of copper in the liver, which causes liver cell damage, CNS dysfunction and hemolytic anemia.[1]

Etiopatogenesis[edit | edit source]

The disease is caused by a mutation in the ATP7B gene on chromosome 13 (13q14.3–q21.1). This gene encodes a copper-transporting ATPase.

File:Hepatocop.jpg
Copper transport in hepatocyte

A defect in this protein results in impaired biliary excretion of copper and incorporation of copper into apoceruloplasmin in hepatocytes. As a result of impaired copper excretion into the bile, this metal accumulates in the liver, brain and other organs and leads to an excess of free radicals causing damage to these organs.

Clinical picture[edit | edit source]

Diagnostics[edit | edit source]

  • decreased serum ceruloplasmin levels;
  • increased urinary excretion of copper (in 24 hours);
  • Kayser-Fleischer ring at the edge of the cornea[2];
  • hemolysis;
  • increased copper content in the liver;[1];
  • the diagnosis can be confirmed by molecular genetic testing of the ATP7B gene (it is also available in the Czech Republic).

Therapy[edit | edit source]

  • lifelong treatment is the prevention of liver and CNS damage;
  • reduction of copper-rich foods (sea fish, chocolate, cocoa);
  • administration of copper chelating drugs (Penicillamine 1000 mg / day);
  • zinc – reduces the resorption of copper by the intestine;
  • monitoring urinary excretion of copper[1];
  • liver transplantation.

Summary video[edit | edit source]


Video in English, definition, pathogenesis, symptoms, complications, treatment.

Odkazy[edit | edit source]

Související články[edit | edit source]

Externí odkazy[edit | edit source]

Reference[edit | edit source]

  1. a b c d
  2. VOKURKA, Martin – HUGO, Jan. Velký lékařský slovník [online] 8. edition. Maxdorf, 2009. 1144 pp. Available from <http://lekarske.slovniky.cz/>. ISBN 978-80-7345-166-0.

Použitá literatura[edit | edit source]


  • ČEŠKA, Richard. Interna. 1. edition. Triton, 2010. 855 pp. ISBN 978-80-7387-423-0.


Doporučená literatura[edit | edit source]

  • Lutschenko laboratory – stránka výzkumné laboratoře, která se věnuje metabolismu mědi
  • LEDVINA, Miroslav, et al. Biochemie pro studující medicíny. 2. vydání. Praha : Karolinum, 2009. 548 s. s. 85-90. ISBN 978-80-246-1414-4.
  • LEDVINA, Miroslav, et al. Biochemie pro studující medicíny. 2. vydání. Praha : Karolinum, 2009. 548 s. s. 85-90. ISBN 978-80-246-1414-4.
  • LEDVINA, Miroslav, et al. Biochemie pro studující medicíny. 2. vydání. Praha : Karolinum, 2009. 548 s. s. 85-90. ISBN 978-80-246-1414-4.
  • LEDVINA, Miroslav, et al. Biochemie pro studující medicíny. 2. vydání. Praha : Karolinum, 2009. 548 s. s. 85-90. ISBN 978-80-246-1414-4.

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