Temporal lobe syndrome

From WikiLectures

Temporal lobe syndrome is characterized by the following symptoms:

Symptoms [1][edit | edit source]

  • Psychological disorders – an organic psychosyndrome, that can even resemble a prefrontal syndrome
  • Behavioural disorders – sometimes even psychotic features or aggressiveness, dream-like feelings, depersonalization
  • Perception disorders - (different from prefrontal syndrome) – pseudo-hallucinations, the illusion that the patient has already seen, heard or experienced the given thing, or on the contrary does not recognize familiar persons or things
  • Wernicke's or amnestic aphasia in a lesion of the dominant hemisphere
  • disorder of spatial orientation with a lesion of the non-dominant hemisphere, neglect syndrome
  • Cortical deafness in bilateral lesions
  • they can also be:
    • dizziness
    • contralateral homonymous hemianopsia in a white matter lesion with radiatio optica violation
    • partial complex epileptic seizure
    • unciform crisis – bouts of olfactory parosmia, mostly unpleasant olfactory sensations (cacosmia). These are pseudo-hallucinations (the patient is aware of the pathology of perception, has insight).
    • dreamy states[2]

Links[edit | edit source]

Related Articles[edit | edit source]

Reference[edit | edit source]

  1. AMBLER, Zdeněk. Základy neurologie. 6. edition. Galen, 2006. 351 pp. ISBN 80-7262-433-4.
  2. NEVŠÍMALOVÁ, Soňa – RŮŽIČKA, Evžen – TICHÝ, Jiří. Neurologie. 1. edition. Galén, 2005. 367 pp. ISBN 80-7262-160-2.