From WikiLectures

It is a painless, non-inflammatory hyperplasia and hypertrophy of the glandular parenchyma:

  • gl. parotis is mainly affected;
  • swelling is usually symmetrical, may be recurrent or persistent;
  • salivary secretion is reduced → the risk of ascending infection from the oral cavity.

Etiology is different. These can be:

Diagnosis is based on:

  • a clinical picture with a positive endocrine or pharmacological history;
  • sialographic finding – the gland is enlarged with rich branching of the outlets, the oppression of which later creates the so-called image of a dead tree (a bare tree);
  • CT, MR or ultrasound examinations show only an enlarged gland without structural changes.

Therapy consists of treating the triggering factor.

References[edit | edit source]

Related Articles[edit | edit source]

Source[edit | edit source]

  • HAHN, Aleš. Otorinolaryngologie a foniatrie v současné praxi. 1. edition. Grada, 2007. ISBN 978-80-247-0529-3.

References[edit | edit source]

  • KLOZAR, Jan. Speciální otorinolaryngologie. 1. edition. Galén, 2005. ISBN 80-7262-346-X.