Relative density of urine
By relative density of urine we mean the ratio of the density of urine to the density of water. The density of water is practically equal to 1 kg/l, so the difference between the density of water (in kg/l) and the relative density of urine is negligible. In the SI system, density has the dimension kg·m-3. The density of the sample in relation to the density of water is a relative quantity and is therefore given by a dimensionless number.
Determination of density of urine[edit | edit source]
The density of urine is estimated indirectly by the concentration of cations using diagnostic strips. The indicator zone of the strip contains a suitable polyelectrolyte as an ion exchanger and the acid-base indicator bromothymol blue. The principle of diagnostic strips is based on the exchange of cations from urine, especially Na+, K+, NH4+, for the H+ ions of the polyelectrolyte in the indication zone. The released H+ acidifies the weakly buffered acid-base indicator, which is in alkaline form. Acidification is accompanied by a change in color to bromothymol blue. The disadvantage is that examination with diagnostic strips does not take into account substances of a non-electrolyte nature such as glucose, proteins, urea, creatinine and some others.