Herpetic Gingivostomatitis

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Herpetic stomatitis
"Herpetická gingivostomatitida (cz)"
Gingivostomatitis herpetica
Stomatitis herpetica.jpg
pathogen HSV (primary infection)
transmission saliva and secretion of patients and carriers of the virus, autoinoculation, contaminated fingers or fomites[1]
incubation period 4–5 days
clinical picture in young children and toddlers: high fever, painful blisters, and erosions in the oral cavity, hypersalivation. in adults: tonsillopharyngitis[1]
treatment symptomatic. In more severe cases: general antivirals. In case of bacterial superinfection: broad-spectrum ATB
complications dehydration

Gingivostomatitis herpetica or Herpetic stomatitis is a manifestation of primary infection with HSV. It usually affects young children.

Clinical picture[edit | edit source]

After infection, the first stage (prodromal stage) develops after an incubation period of 4-5 days. After several days of flu-like symptoms, a second stage (blistering stage) develops with manifestations in the oral cavity, typically on the gums, hard palate, back of the tongue, and sometimes on the buccal mucous membranes. On the swollen and reddened mucosa, 2–4 mm big white-yellow aphthae with a red border appear. On the palate, they tend to merge into larger areas (coalesce) with an irregular margin. The pain causes dysphagia and saliva leaking from the mouth. Sometimes the regional lymph nodes also swell painfully. The lesions heal within two weeks.

A special manifestionof the disease is Pospischill-Feyrter aphthoid. It occurs rarely in immunocompromised children (systemic infection). In addition to the oral mucosa, the genitals are also affected by painful aphthous lesions. Herpetiform arranged blisters form on the skin.

Differential diagnosis[edit | edit source]

It is necessary to differentiate between herpetic stomatitis and erythema (exsudativum) multiforme (Hebrae).

Therapy[edit | edit source]

Treatment is symptomatic: plenty of fluids and a diet consisting mashed or soft food. Cold herbal teas are recommended due to their antiseptic and astringent effect. In severe cases, systemic antivirals are given and broad-spectrum antibiotics are given in bacterial superinfection.

Cave!!!.pngInsufficient fluid intake can cause dehydration, especially in children.

References[edit | edit source]

Related Articles[edit | edit source]

Literature[edit | edit source]

  • ČÁP, Jiří, et al. Dermatovenerologie. 1. edition. Prague : Galen, 2008. 502 pp. pp. 114. ISBN 978-80-7262-371-6.
  • MAZÁNEK, Jiří, et al. Zubní lékařství pro studenty nedentálních oborů. 1. edition. Prague : Grada Publishing a.s, 2018. 400 pp. ISBN 978-80-247-5807-7.

Citations[edit | edit source]

  1. a b BENEŠ, Jiří, et al. Infekční lékařství. 1. edition. Galén, 2009. 651 pp. pp. 178. ISBN 978-80-7262-644-1.