From WikiLectures


Enkephalins are endogenous opioid peptides. In particular they are pentapeptides, so they have shorter chain than e.g. endorphines.

Enkephalins bind to all types of opioid receptors (δ, κ i μ) as well as, for example, morphine.

Origin[edit | edit source]

Endogenous opioid peptides in general are formed in the neural tissue via clevage of larger polypeptides. The precursor proenkephalin give rise to both known types of enkephalins- met-enkephalin and leu-enkephalin.

Importance[edit | edit source]

Enkephalins are released during exercise. Their concentration will increase significantly, for example, during long-distance running. However there are only speculations that these substances increase the threshold of pain.

High concentration of enkephalins (and opioid receptors also) is among other parts of the neuronal system in the limbic system. That is the reason why there is the possibility that endogenoid opioids affect the mental state and affective behavior.

Links[edit | edit source]

Related articles[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • LÜLLMANN, Heinz – MOHR, Klaus – WEHLING, Martin. Farmakologie a toxikologie. 1. edition. Grada, 2002. pp. 694. ISBN 80-7169-976-4.
  • SUCHOPÁR, Josef – VALENTOVÁ, Štěpánka, et al. Remedia compendium. 4. edition. Panax, 2009. pp. 1000. ISBN 978-80-902806-4-9.
  • LINHART, Igor, et al. Toxikologie :  interakce škodlivých látek s živými organismy, jejich mechanismy, projevy a důsledky. 1. edition. Vysoká škola chemicko-technologická v Praze, 2012. pp. 375. ISBN 978-80-7080-806-1.