Definition of transcultural psychiatry[edit | edit source]
- Considered a part of social psychiatry
- It studies the influence of culture and social situations on the psychopathological symptomatology
- includes the so-called culture specific disorders
- includes also psychiatric problems of immigrants and foreign workers
Culture specific disorders- Examples[edit | edit source]
- Mental disorders appearing in a geographical region (e.g. Malaysia, southeast asia...) that only appear there and are believed to occur due to cultural influence
- The ICD-10 classifies them as "culture specific disorders"
Koro[edit | edit source]
- the fear that your penis/vulva is shrinking and going into your abdomen and that you can die of it. ICD-10: F48.8"other neurotic syndromes"
- in southeast asian countries, India, China
Dhat syndrome[edit | edit source]
- described in India
- an intensive fear of a loss of semen via masturbation, excess sexual intercourse , urinary disorders (a whitish urinary discharge interpreted asloss of semen), etc. Complaints about fatigue, loss of appetite, feelings of guilt.
Amok[edit | edit source]
- ICD-10 recommends in contrast to the DSM-lV to classify it under F68.8 (personality and behavioral disorders)
- „A willing, seemingly unprovoked episode of murderous and destructive behavior that is followed with amnesia or fatigue. Many of these episodes end in suicide" (Appendix ll, ICD-10)
Other transcultural topics[edit | edit source]
Gastarbeitersyndrome[edit | edit source]
- depressive syndromes in workers coming from abroad
Cultural shock[edit | edit source]
International pilot study of the WHO on schizophrenia[edit | edit source]
- was done in the 1960-70s
- the prevalence of schizophrenia was stable across cultures
- the types of symptoms people from different cultures had varied → in western countries they showed more depressive and anxiety symptoms (more isolation? stigma of schizophrenia?), thought insertion and thought broadcasting, while in non-western countries visual hallucinations were more frequent
Mental illnesses in minorities living in western countries[edit | edit source]
- background: the prevalence of schizophrenia was the same in caribbean countries in comparison to the UK, yet african caribbean people experience schizophrenia at a higher degree if they live in the UK (immigrants) than their counterparts at home
- Why? → higher rate of socioeconomic disadvantage, racism?,stress?..