The delirious states

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Last update: Saturday, 30 Jan 2021 at 12.17 pm.

Delirium, not induced by alcohol and other psychoactive substances (F05)[edit | edit source]

  • Definition
    • a qualitative change in conciousness (lucidity, not in the vigilance)
  • Symptoms
    • perceptual distortions: illusions, hallucinations, disorientation time and place
    • Reversal of sleep-wake cycle (symptoms often worse at night)
    • psychomotor and emotional disturbances
  • Treatment
    • mainly supportive measurements: quiet room, talking to family for reorientation, waiting it out...
    • In acute agitation: Restriction of limbs to the bed, highly potent antipsychotics (haloperidol)

Causes[edit | edit source]

  • extracerebral or cerebral: organic brain changes, after operation conditions, infections, dehydration, metabolic disturbances, injury, cancer, serious burns...

Links[edit | edit source] (ICD-10 Classification)

Related Articles[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

-       Psychiatry Final Questions: Summary, Christian Entenmann

-        Amboss