Portal:Questions for State Examination in Internal Medicine (1.LF, GM)

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Cardiology and angiology[edit | edit source]

  1. Arterial hypertension
  2. Secondary arterial hypertension
  3. Treatment of arterial hypertension - major classes of antihyertensive drugs and their main pharmacological properties
  4. Atherosclerosis risk factors; assessment of total cardiovascular risk
  5. Multifactorial approach to cardiovascular risk reduction; primary and secondary prevention
  6. Treatment of tobacco use and dependence
  7. Coronary heart disease - pathogenesis and clinical manifestations
  8. Chronic forms of coronary heart disease
  9. Treatment of chronic forms of coronary heart disease
  10. Unstable angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevations
  11. Acute myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevations
  12. Treatment of acute coronary syndromes
  13. Complications of acute myocardial infarction
  14. Mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation
  15. Aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation
  16. Aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection
  17. Valvular diseases of right heart (esp. tricuspid. regurgitation)
  18. Diseases of the pericardium; cardiac tamponade
  19. Myocarditis
  20. Cardiomyopathies
  21. Infective endocarditis
  22. Chronic heart failure
  23. Treatment of chronic heart failure
  24. Acute heart failure, pulmonary edema
  25. Bradyarrhytmias and bundle branch blocks
  26. Supraventricular arrhytmias
  27. Ventricular arrhytmias
  28. Atrial fibrilation, its complications and treatment
  29. Principles of therapy of arrhytmias
  30. Cardiopulmonary arrest; cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  31. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; basic and advanced life support
  32. Shock
  33. Syncope and presyncope
  34. Pulmonary embolism
  35. Pulmonary hypertension; cor pulmonale
  36. Deep vein thrombosis
  37. Treatment and prevention of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism
  38. Diseases of the superficial venous system
  39. Varicose veins; chronic venous insufficiency
  40. Acute forms of peripheral arterial disease
  41. Chronic forms of peripheral arterial disease
  42. Treatment of peripheral arterial disease
  43. Cerebrovascular disease

Gastroenterology and hematology[edit | edit source]

  1. Diseases of esophagus
  2. Gastritis and gastropathy
  3. Peptic ulcer disease
  4. Treatment of peptic ulcer disease
  5. Tumors of the stomach and duodenum
  6. Gastroinstestinal hemorrhage (hematemesis, melena, hematochezia - rectal bleeding)
  7. Nausea, vomiting, singultus
  8. Malabsorption
  9. Diverticula of the gastrointestinal tract; diverticular disease of the colon
  10. Idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease
  11. Treatment of idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease
  12. Polyps of the gastrointestinal tract; inherited polyposis syndromes
  13. Colorectal cancer
  14. Colorectal cancer screening and prevention
  15. Diseases of the rectum and anus
  16. Upper and lower gastrointestinal functional disorders
  17. Constipation and diarrhea
  18. Symptomatic therapy of nauzea, vomiting, constipation and diarrhea
  19. Acute cholecystitis and cholangitis
  20. Cholelithiasis and chronic cholecystitis
  21. Hepatobiliary tumors
  22. Jaundice
  23. Viral hepatitis
  24. Treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis
  25. Metabolic disorders of the liver (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, porfyria, Wilson´s disease, hemochromatosis)
  26. Cirrhosis of the liver
  27. Hepatic failure
  28. Portal hypertension;esophageal variceal hemorrhage
  29. Treatment of hepatic cirrhosis and hepatic failure
  30. Acute and chronic pancreatitis
  31. Carcinoma of the pancreas
  32. Tumors od GI tract (including endocrine tumors)

Endocrinology and metabolism[edit | edit source]

  1. Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  2. Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  3. Acute complications of diabetes mellitus
  4. Chronic complications of diabetes mellitus
  5. Treatment of diabetes mellitus
  6. Metabolic osteopathies. Paget disease
  7. Treatment of osteoporosis
  8. Disorders of calcium and phosphate homeostasis
  9. Malnutrition
  10. Enteral and parenteral nutrition
  11. Prevention and treatment of malnutrition, artifical nutrition
  12. Vitamin dieficiencies
  13. Dyslipidemias
  14. Treatment of dyslipidemias
  15. Obesity
  16. Treatment of obesity
  17. Metabolic syndrome
  18. Disorders of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland; diabetes insipidus
  19. Diseases of the anterior pituitary
  20. Diseases of the thyroid gland
  21. Hyperthyreoidism
  22. Hypothyreoidism
  23. Goiter; thyroiditis; tumors of the thyroid gland
  24. Diseases of the parathyroid glands
  25. Diseases of the adrenal cortex
  26. Cushing’s syndrome
  27. Adrenocortical insufficiency; principles of therapy of hypocortisolism
  28. Gonadal diseases; multiple endocrine neoplasia; polyglandular autoimmune syndromes

Nephrology[edit | edit source]

  1. Acute renal failure
  2. Treatment of acute renal failure
  3. Chronic renal failure
  4. Conservative treatment of chronic renal failure and its complications
  5. Glomerulonephritis
  6. Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
  7. Secondary glomerulopathies
  8. Nephrotic syndrome
  9. Tubulointerstitial nephritis
  10. Hereditary nephropaties; polycystic kidney disease
  11. Urinary tract infections and acute pyelonephritis
  12. Treatment of urinary tract infections
  13. Urolithiasis, nephrolithiasis
  14. Renal tumors
  15. Hypertension and the kidney
  16. Diabetes and the kidney
  17. Hemodialysis; peritoneal dialysis; kidney transplantation
  18. Disordesr of water and sodium balance
  19. Disordesr of potassium balance
  20. Disordesr of acid-base balance

Pneumology[edit | edit source]

  1. Acute infections of the lower airways
  2. Chronic bronchitis; bronchiectasis
  3. Inflammatory lung diseases - pneumonia, lung abscess
  4. Antibiotic and adjunctive therapy of respiratory tract infections
  5. Pulmonary tuberculosis
  6. Bronchial asthma
  7. Treatment of bronchial asthma
  8. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  9. Treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  10. Lung fibroses
  11. Granulomatous diseases of the lung
  12. Pleural diseases
  13. Diseases of the mediastinum
  14. Lung carcinoma
  15. Hemoptysis
  16. Pneumothorax
  17. Respiratory failure
  18. Respiratory emergencies

Hematology[edit | edit source]

  1. Sideropenic anemia; anemia of chronic diseases
  2. Megaloblastic anemias, pernicious anemia
  3. Hemolytic anemias, congenital
  4. Hemolytic anemias, aquired
  5. Bone marrow aplasia
  6. Bleeding disorders due to coagulation abnormalities
  7. Autoimunne thrombocytopenias
  8. Bleeding disorders due to platelet abnormalities: thrombocytopathies, thrombocytopenias (except ITP)
  9. Disseminated intravascular coagulation
  10. Myelodysplatic syndrome
  11. Acute leukemias
  12. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and related diseases
  13. Chronic myeloid leukemia
  14. Non-Hodgkin´s lymphomas
  15. Hodgkin´s disease
  16. Myeloproliferative diseases (except CML)
  17. Multiple myeloma
  18. Monoclonal gammapathies and diseases associated with MG; amyloidosis
  19. Thrombophilias
  20. Principls of supportive care in hematology
  21. Febrile neutropenia
  22. Blood transfusion procedure; complications of blood transfusion
  23. Principles of rational use of blood transfusion; blood transfusion products and blood derivatives. Prerequisites for blood donation; screening and examination of donors
  24. Hemapheresis in clinical hematology and transfusion medicine

Rheumatology and immunology[edit | edit source]

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile idiopatic arthritis
  2. Ankylosing spondylitis
  3. Reactive arthritis and psoriatic arthritis
  4. Systemic lupus erythematosus
  5. Systemic sclerosis, polymyositis, dermatomyositis
  6. Sjögren´s syndrome
  7. Gout
  8. Osteoartrhritis and spondylarthritis
  9. Extra-articular rheumatism
  10. Infectious arthtritis
  11. Osteoporosis
  12. Treatment of rheumatic diseases; biological therapy
  13. Systemic vasculitis
  14. Primary and secondary immunodeficiency diseases
  15. Allergic diseases; drug alergy

Miscellaneous topics[edit | edit source]

  1. Special Problems in Geriatric Patients
  2. Principal Geriatric Syndromes
  3. Psychiatric Disorders in Geriatric Patients
  4. Specific aspects of pharmacotherapy in the elderly
  5. Lyme disease
  6. Disorders due to heat and cold
  7. Electrical injuriy
  8. Poisoning with alcohol and methanol
  9. Carbon monoxide poisoning
  10. Mushroom poisoning
  11. Poisoning with psychiatric drugs
  12. Poisoning with analgesic drugs incl. opioids
  13. Principles of pain management; side-effects of analgesic drugs
  14. Systemic and topical corticosteroid therapy; side-effects of the therapy
  15. General approach to the treamtnet of acute poisoning
  16. Preoperative medical evaluation

Differential diagnosis[edit | edit source]

  1. Differential diagnosis of chest pain
  2. Differential diagnosis of dysponoea (breathlessness)
  3. Differential diagnosis of palpitations
  4. Differential diagnosis of altered consciousness
  5. Differential diagnosis of edema
  6. Differential diagnosis of pleural effusion
  7. Differential diagnosis of anorexia (loss of appetite) and weight loss
  8. Differential diagnosis of dysphagia
  9. Differential diagnosis of abdominal pain
  10. Differential diagnosis of hepatomegaly a splenomegaly
  11. Differential diagnosis of ascites
  12. Differential diagnosis of jaundice
  13. Differential diagnosis of nausea and vomiting
  14. Differential diagnosis of hematemesis
  15. Differential diagnosis of melena and hematochezia (rectal bleeding)
  16. Differential diagnosis of anemia
  17. Differential diagnosis of lymph node enlargement (lymphadenopathy)
  18. Differential diagnosis of fever
  19. Differential diagnosis of raised ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) and CRP values
  20. Differential diagnosis of joint swelling and pain
  21. Differential diagnosis of hematuria
  22. Differential diagnosis of oliguria and anuria
  23. Differential diagnosis of renal failure
  24. Differential diagnosis of elevated liver enzymes