Luteinizing hormon is one of the hormones of the adenohypophysis (anterior lobe of the pituitary gland). Together with FSH, they form a group of so-called gonadotropic hormones. Luteotropic hormone, or lutropin, causes ovulation and corpus luteum in women by stimulating the production of estrogen and progesterone in the ovaries. In men, it acts on Leydig cells, which produce testosterone. FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) is responsible for the first half of the menstrual cycle.
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- GANONG, William F. Overview of medical physiology. 20. edition. Galen, 2005. 890 pp. ISBN 80-7262-311-7.