Left bundle branch block

From WikiLectures

Left bundle branch block (LBBB) is a defect of myocardial coduction occuring due to damage of electrical conduction system of the heart, being responsible for late depolarization (as well as cardiac activity) of left ventricle. Entire left ventricle is depolarized by right bundle branch, with ECG showing widened QRS complexes and abnormal morphology of QRS.

Types[edit | edit source]

According to the wideness of ORS complex we differentiate two types of LBBB:

  1. Complete LBBB (QRS is prolonged over 0,11 s);
  2. Incomplete LBBB (QRS is in range of 0,06–0,11 s).

Physiological duration of QRS complex is 0,06–0,11 s.

Etiology[edit | edit source]

LBBB itself is hemodynamically insignificant, although it is signalizing defect and/or higher demands on left ventricle, which can be caused by these conditions:

Complications[edit | edit source]

LBBB increases risk of heart failure, myocardial infarction, Second-degree AV block, Third-degree AV block.

Diagnostika[edit | edit source]

"W-shape" in V1, "M-shape" in V6

Diagnosis of LBBB is dependend on ECG. In case of complete LBBB:

  • QRS complex is widened over 0,11s (3 small squares), in lead V6 there should be also a notched (M-shaped) R wave (RsR´);
  • In lead V1, there should be QS or qRS (W-shaped) complex;
  • In lateral leads (V5, V6, I, aVL) the T wave should be inverted and there should be also descendent depression of ST segment (=secondary repolarization changes);
  • Axis – normal or left axis deviation is present

In case of incomplete LBBB, the duration of QRS complex is 0,06-0,11s.

Alert! CAVE! The presence of LBBB disables diagnosis of myocardial infarction. If we have LBBB patient with myocardial infarction suspicion (pain of coronary origin), there is always need for hospitalization!

Differential diagnosis  [edit | edit source]

  • Hypertrophy of left ventricle
  • Lateral myocardial infarction
  • Preexcitation syndrome

Links[edit | edit source]

Related Articles[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • HOLAJ, Robert. Kardiologický kroužek. III. interní klinika VFN a 1. LF UK v Praze, 2009.
  • VILIKUS, Zdeněk. Interpretace EKG v klidu a při zátěži. Ústav tělovýchovného lékařství 1. LF UK a VFN; 2010.