The term biosignal referes to all the signals that are being generated in all living organisms .they can also be described as the spaces , time or the space - time records of a biological event inside the body such as the heart beating or the contraction of the muscles so all the electrical , chemical and mechanical activites that happenes during these events produce signals which can be measured and analysed .these signals are so useful to understand the biological events of the body which can help in medical diagnosis
- 1 Physiological origins of biosignals
- 2 Biosignal characteristics
- 3 Two broad classes of biosignals
- 4 Links
Physiological origins of biosignals[✎ edit | edit source]
according to the physiological origins there are six kind :
Bioelectric signals[✎ edit | edit source]
Are generated by nerves and muscles tissues as the result of the changes in the electric currents which are produced by the sum potential differences across the tissues and organs.
Best known example is the Electrocardiography.
Biomagnatic signals[✎ edit | edit source]
Different organs such as heart, lungs, brain generate weak magnetic field. It measured from activities which are linked to electric field from an organ.
Biochemical signals[✎ edit | edit source]
Signals contain information about the changes in concentration of various chemical agents in the body.
For example it determines the level of glucose.
Biomechanical signals[✎ edit | edit source]
produced by the mechanical functions of biological signals such as motion and displacement , pressure.
Example: blood pressure measurements.
Bioacoustic signals[✎ edit | edit source]
They are special subset of biomechanical signals that involve in vibration basically motion.
Example: respiratory system and muscles generates this kind of signals.
Biooptical signals[✎ edit | edit source]
They are generated by the optical or light induced attributes of biological systems. They may occur naturally or induced.
Biosignal characteristics[✎ edit | edit source]
Biosignals can be classified according to various characteristics:
Waveform shape[✎ edit | edit source]
It is the shape of a signal. The waveform represents the variation of a voltage or current of a signal over time in graph
Statisticals structures of the signals[✎ edit | edit source]
Temporal properties[✎ edit | edit source]
They are the changes in the signals according to time .
Two broad classes of biosignals[✎ edit | edit source]
Continuous Signals[✎ edit | edit source]
Defined over a continuum of time or space and are described by continuous variable functions. They are Produced by biological phenomena:
- Voltages measurements from the heart
- Arterial blood measurements
- Measurements of electrical activities from the brain
Discrete signals[✎ edit | edit source]
Discrete signals define only at subset of regularly spaced points in time and-or space. Continuous signals from human body are converted to discrete signals by a process called sampling and they can be analyzed and interpreted by a computer.