Portal:Questions for final examination in biophysics (1. LF UK, GM)

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List of questions – Biophysics 2010[✎ edit | edit source]

Structure of matter[✎ edit | edit source]

  1. Wave properties of particles, quantum properties of waves
  2. Quantum numbers
  3. Ionization and excitation
  4. Structure of electron shells in atoms
  5. Atomic nucleus
  6. Binding energy in atomic nucleus
  7. Potential barrier of atomic nucleus
  8. Physical principles of mass spectrometry
  9. Physical principles of nuclear magnetic resonance

Molecular biophysics[✎ edit | edit source]

  1. International system of units, transformation of units
  2. Phase states of matter
  3. State equation of ideal gas
  4. Bernoulli equation, equation of continuity
  5. Law of Laplace
  6. Gibbs´s phase rule, phase chart of water
  7. Water as solvent
  8. Dispersion systems and their classification
  9. Properties of colloid particles
  10. Principle of electrophoresis, electrokinetic potential
  11. Transport phenomena
  12. Viscosity and its measurement
  13. Difusion, 1. law of Fick
  14. Surface tension, adsorption
  15. Colligative properties of solutions
  16. Osmotic pressure
  17. Blood pressure measurement

Thermodynamics[✎ edit | edit source]

  1. Thermodynamic system, state quantities
  2. First law of thermodynamics
  3. Second law of thermodynamics
  4. Definitions of thermodynamic functions (U, H, S, F, G)
  5. Chemical potential
  6. Thermoregulation in homoiothermic organisms
  7. Measurement of temperature
  8. Calorimetric measurements
  9. Specific heat, latent heat

Physical and physiological acoustics[✎ edit | edit source]

  1. Physical properties of acoustic waves
  2. Acoustic impedance
  3. Sound intensity and loudness, units
  4. Field of hearing
  5. Weber-Fechner´s law in acoustics
  6. Ultrasound generators
  7. Physical principles or diagnostic use of ultrasound
  8. Audiometry

Optics in medicine[✎ edit | edit source]

  1. General classification of electromagnetic waves
  2. Planck´s law, Stefan-Boltzmann and Wien laws
  3. Lens equation
  4. Extinction, Lambert-Beer law
  5. Scattering of light
  6. Dispersion of light
  7. Refraction and its use in spectroscopy
  8. Interference and light reflection
  9. Refractometry, Polarimetry
  10. Biophysics of vision
  11. Eye defects
  12. Absorption spectral analysis
  13. Optical properties of colloids
  14. Principle of laser
  15. Optical and electron microscopy

Electricity in medicine[✎ edit | edit source]

  1. Coulomb´s law, permittivity
  2. Intensity, voltage, resistance, impedance and their measurement, units
  3. Donnan´s equilibrium on cell membrane
  4. Rest membrane potential
  5. Electrochemical potential
  6. Nernst equation
  7. Measurement of el. conductivity in solutions
  8. Action potential and its detection
  9. Action potentials of heart muscle and their detection
  10. Principle of osciloscope
  11. Use of electricity in diagnostics
  12. Use of electricity in therapy

Use of X-rays in medicine[✎ edit | edit source]

  1. Production of X-rays, energy spectra
  2. Control of the energy and intensity of X-rays
  3. X-ray apparatus
  4. X-ray lamp
  5. X-ray absorption
  6. X-ray contrast
  7. Use of X-rays for diagnostic purposes
  8. X-ray therapy
  9. Depth dose
  10. Principle of computed tomography

Radioactivity and ionising radiation[✎ edit | edit source]

  1. Radioactive decay
  2. Energy spectra of α and β radiation
  3. Energy spectrum of γ radiation
  4. Radioactive equilibrium
  5. Physical, biological and effective half-life
  6. Absorption of γ radiation
  7. Absorption of α and β radiation
  8. Nuclear reactions
  9. Cosmic rays
  10. Selective and integral detection of γ radiation
  11. Principles of detection of ionising radiation
  12. Detectors of ionising radiation
  13. Scintillation detector
  14. Geiger-Muller tube
  15. Accelerators of particles
  16. Ionisation chamber
  17. Methods of personal dosimetry
  18. Units of exposition and absorbed dose of irradiation