Portal:Exam Topics in Biology and Medical Genetics (1. LF, D)

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  1. Exam Topic 1
    • Genotype and its variability, mutation, recombination
    • Genetic control of antibody production
    • Prevention and early diagnostics of inherited diseases
  2. Exam Topic 2
    • Genotype and environment
    • Mitosis, its regulation and defects
    • The inheritance and biological importance of blood group systems
  3. Exam Topic 3
    • Methods of genetic analysis in experimental and human genetics
    • Structure and reproduction of bacteria, importance for medicine
    • The inheritance and biological importance of Rh system
  4. Exam Topic 4
    • Fundamental laws of genetics, Mendel´s experiments
    • Cell cycle, its regulation and defects
    • Human major histocompatibility complex
  5. Exam Topic 5
    • Genealogical method
    • DNA structure and function
    • Immunocompetent cells
  6. Exam Topic 6
    • Autosomal dominant inheritance in experiment and pedigrees, examples of human traits
    • RNA types, structure and function
    • Genetic control of immune response
  7. Exam Topic 7
    • Autosomal recessive inheritance in experiment and pedigrees, examples of human traits
    • Gene structure and function
    • Transplantation rules
  8. Exam Topic 8
    • Gonosomal inheritance in experiment and pedigrees, examples of human traits
    • DNA replication
    • Detection and prevention of inherited chromosomal aberrations
  9. Exam Topic 9
    • Multifactorial inheritance
    • Genetic code
    • Indication of chromosomal analysis
  10. Exam Topic 10
    • Human traits with multifactorial inheritance
    • Protein-coding and non-coding DNA sequences
    • Genetics of transplantations, transplantation rules, histocompatibility systems
  11. Exam Topic 11
    • Heritability and significance of its assessment in medicine
    • Translation, post-translational protein modifications
    • Syndromes of autosomal aneuploidies
  12. Exam Topic 12
    • Dihybridism, interaction of non-allelic genes, polyhybridism
    • Transcription and post-transcriptional modifications of RNA in Eukaryotes
    • Environmental mutagenic and teratogenic factors
  13. Exam Topic 13
    • Multiple alleles
    • Genetics of aging and death
    • Aims and mission of medical genetics
  14. Exam topic 14
    • Genetic linkage
    • Regulation of gene function in Prokaryotes
    • Preconception prevention of heritable diseases
  15. Exam Topic 15
    • Genetic methods of linkage analysis
    • Gene mutation, types and manifestation
    • Tumorigenesis, cancerogenesis, cancerogens
  16. Exam Topic 16
    • Crossing-over, its mechanism and importance
    • Regulation of gene function in Eukaryotes
    • Screening of heritable diseases
  17. Exam Topic 17
    • Molecular basis of heritable disease
    • Somatic and gametic (germline) chromosomal aberrations
    • Genetic counseling and its importance
  18. Exam Topic 18
    • Epigenetics, "thrifty" genotype and "thrifty" phenotype
    • Mutagens a mutagenesis, testing of mutagenicity
    • Characteristics of cancer development
  19. Exam Topic 19
    • Extrachromosomal inheritance, non-Mendelian inheritance
    • Reparation mechanisms of nucleic acids
    • Ethical and legal aspects of medical genetics
  20. Exam Topic 20
    • The importance and structure of Eukaryotic chromosomes
    • The Inborn Errors of Metabolism
    • Population genetics, C-H-W equilibrium
  21. Exam Topic 21
    • Population polymorphisms and their causes
    • Methods of nucleic acids analysis
    • Chromosomal aberrations in etiology of neoplasia
  22. Exam Topic 22
    • Inbreeding, consanguineous marriage and its risks
    • Chromosome number and structure, techniques of examination
    • Ontogenesis of sex in mammals and its defects
  23. Exam Topic 23
    • Prenatal diagnostics of inherited disease
    • Transcription and post-transcriptional modifications of RNA in Prokaryotes
    • Teratogenesis, teratogens
  24. Exam Topic 24
    • Small populations, genetic drift, importance for evolution
    • Hemoglobinopathies
    • Inherited diseases of development in man, examples, partition according to causes
  25. Exam Topic 25
    • Meiosis, its regulation and defects
    • Conjugation, transformation, transduction
    • Reparation mechanisms of the organism and their genetic control
  26. Exam Topic 26
    • Gametogenesis
    • Direct and indirect diagnostics of heritable diseases by nucleic acid analysis
    • Causes of chromosomal aberration
  27. Exam Topic 27
    • Genealogical methods
    • The importance and structure of chromosomes of Prokaryotes
    • Prenatal diagnostics of inherited disease
  28. Exam Topic 28
    • Human karyotype, methods of its examination
    • Structure and function of Eukaryotic cell
    • Characteristics of cancer cells
  29. Exam Topic 29
    • Aberrations of chromosome number, their causes and clinical presentation
    • Cell signaling pathways
    • Familial tumors
  30. Exam Topic 30
    • Syndromes of gonosome aneuploidies
    • Tumor-supressor genes
    • Structure and function of Prokaryotes
  31. Exam Topic 31
    • Aberrations affecting chromosome structure
    • Protooncogenes, oncogenes
    • Cultivation of cells and tissues in vitro, importance in medicine
  32. Exam Topic 32
    • Chromosomal sex determination
    • Genetic regulation in multicellular organisms
    • Prenatal screening of inherited disease