Indications for Chromosome Analysis
- 1 Indications for Prenatal Diagnosis
- 2 Indications for Postnatal Diagnosis
- 3 Links
Indications for Prenatal Diagnosis
Higher Age of Mother
The higher age of mother means more than 35 years. Chromosome analysis in this case, is taken like a part of the prenatal care. Although we can find abnormalities also in children of young mothers,higher age means higher risk. Nowadays it is discussed the role of the mother, comparing to the father's influence. Both of them can be a donor of chromosome abnormality, but mother´s germ cells are more vulnerable.
Positive Family Anamnesis
Some kinds of chromosomal abnormality in relative should also be an indication for chromosome analysis. Mainly chromosomal translocation or heritable chromosomal disturbances. Miscarriage in relatives also is a good indication for chromosomal analysis
Abnormal Findings in Screening
The good reason is for example id the intrauterine grown retardation or some abnormalities or malformations in ultrasound.
Stillbirths and Neonatal Deaths
In more than 10% of abortions is connected to some chromosome abnormality. It is important to examine both parents, because of prevention for next pregnancies.
Indications for Postnatal Diagnosis
Low Birth Weight
Health Problems in Newborns
A postnatal chromosome analysis is necessary if we can find some developmental delay, some dysmorphic features, mental retardation or inborn defects.
About 5% of all cases of infertility is connected with some chromosome abnormality. We have to think about it, when miscarriages occurred repeatedly. Chromosome abnormalities can be also a reason of disorders of menstruation cycle.
Exposure of Parents
Exposure to radiation represents a high risk. It can influence maternal germ cell for years. Especially some of the jobs in the health care are dangerous in this way (employees in radiology department in hospitals) and workers of nuclear plant or uranium mines. We have to be careful about exposure to chemical substances.