Focal Infection in Dentistry

From WikiLectures

Focal Infection Definition

Gingivitis
  • Any infection focused, localized somewhere in the body which is a potential threat for spreading to other areas such as downwards towards the mediastinum or upwards into the brain.

Focal Infection

  • Necrotic pulp
  • Gangrenous pulp
  • Periapical lesion, granuloma or cyst
  • Chronic marginal gingivitis
  • Chronic marginal periodontitis
  • Paranasal sinuses inflammation

Infectious Agents

  • Bacteria
  • Toxins (of bacteria)
  • Immunocomplexes

Risk Groups

  • Immunosupressed patients
    • organ transplantation
    • HIV
    • Cancer
  • Prosthetic heart valves
  • Hip replacement
  • Heart surgery


Treatment Options

  • The major factor that determines our treatment is the time that the patient comes
  1. If the patient comes two to three weeks before surgery → EXTRACTION
  2. If we have adequate time we treat the patient (e.g. endodontic treatment)

Links

Related Articles

Bibliography

  • OTT, Daniel. Endo [lecture for subject Endodontics, specialization Restorative Dentistry, LF1 Charles university]. Prague. May 2012.